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Most Popular Programming Languages in the USA – 2024

The U.S. has a large development market share, bringing enormous revenues every year. If you decide to grow the business in that region, first learn what programming languages are popular in the USA.

Most Popular Programming Languages in the USA

As a beginner or seasoned programmer, the struggle to stay updated on the latest trends and popular languages can be overwhelming. Fear not, as we have done the research for you and compiled a comprehensive guide to the most popular programming languages in the U.S.

In fact, the U.S. dominates a large share of the development market. It brought over 31.83% of the revenue share. The average salary in this sphere is around $100,076, according to Zippia. So, working with American customers is worth considering if you are a business owner or a developer. 

Whether you are looking to expand your skill set or dive headfirst into the world of coding, this article will help you navigate the ever-evolving world of programming with ease. You will discover the languages that are in high demand for web and app development in the American market.

Most Popular Web Programming Languages

In the USA, the trending programming languages can vary depending on factors such as the web industry landscape, the size of the community, and the types of projects being developed. Some of the top languages in the USA include JavaScript, Python, Java, and PHP:

  • JavaScript: it’s widely used for front-end development. It is supported by all major browsers and can be used to create interactive and dynamic web pages.
  • Python: this is a versatile language popular due to its simplicity, readability, and wide range of libraries and frameworks. It is used for back-end development, data analysis, machine learning, and more.
  • PHP: PHP is a server-side language. It is known for its ease of use, scalability, and compatibility with various databases.
  • Java: Java is used particularly for building enterprise-level applications. It is known for its robustness, security, and platform independence.
  • Ruby: it is still popular in web development, especially when paired with the Ruby on Rails framework.

The Backbone of Software: Most Demanding Computer Language

The GitHub statistics below are based on the PYPL index, which analyzes how often people search for information and tutorials about certain languages on Google.

Most Demanding Computer Language

Popular programming languages in the USA

Python has gained immense popularity in recent years due to its simplicity, versatility, and ease of use. 

It is widely used in various fields such as data science, machine learning, artificial intelligence, scientific computing, and automation. Its clean and readable syntax makes it a favorite among developers for writing clean and maintainable code.

In the field of data science, Python’s extensive library ecosystem, including popular libraries such as Pandas, NumPy, and scikit-learn, makes it a go-to choice for data analysis and visualization tasks. 

Similarly, in machine learning and artificial intelligence, libraries like TensorFlow and PyTorch provide powerful tools for building complex models and algorithms. Python’s flexibility and compatibility with other languages make it a preferred choice for integrating different components of a software system.

Stackoverflow, though, provides a bit different statistic in their yearly research of the most used coding languages, with JavaScript in the first place:

Most used coding languages

Overall, Python’s versatility and ease of learning make it a highly demanding language in the tech industry, with a wide range of applications across various domains.

The Future is Now: Best Coding Language to Learn in 2024

The choice depends on your interests and career goals, however, there are some universal options you can go for.

For example, Python. As we said, it’s extremely popular now and is often recommended for beginners due to its simplicity and readability. It has a straightforward syntax that makes the code easy to learn and understand. So it’s an excellent choice for those new to programming.

JavaScript is another language that can be a good starting point if you want to build interactive websites and web applications. There are many resources and tutorials to help you learn JavaScript.

What about kids? They need a different, more engaging approach. Scratch is a visual programming language developed by MIT that is specifically designed for children. It uses a block-based coding interface that allows users to drag and drop code blocks to create animations, games, and interactive stories. So kids can learn fundamental programming concepts without the complexity of text-based coding.

Specialized Sectors and Their Preferred Languages

iOS Development

For this sector, consider learning Swift. It is used to build iOS and macOS X applications for various Apple devices, like iPhone, iPad, and Apple Watch. Since they are quite popular, studying or including Swift as a part of the main toolkit is a wise decision.

This iOS programming language is a powerful and versatile tool created by Apple. It offers a modern syntax, strong type safety, and performance optimization, making it a popular choice among developers.

iOS app development

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Game Development

There are several languages commonly used, depending on the game engine and platform. Some popular options include C++, C#, and JavaScript.

C++ is often used for high-performance game development, while JavaScript is used for developing web-based games and with game engines such as Phaser and Three.js.

Still, one of the best programming languages for game development is C#. It is commonly used with the Unity game engine. This means there is a large community of developers, tutorials, and resources for troubleshooting or learning. C# is also supported on multiple platforms, so your games can be easily ported to other devices and operating systems.

Data Science

In this field, Python is at the top of the mountain due to its versatility, extensive library ecosystem, and easy-to-learn syntax. Python libraries such as Pandas, NumPy, and scikit-learn are widely used for data manipulation, analysis, and machine learning tasks.

R is another data science programming language used for statistical analysis, machine learning, data visualization, and manipulation. It provides a free and open-source platform, featuring a rich ecosystem of packages, libraries, and tools to expand the functionality.

Embedded Systems

For embedded systems, it is ideal to choose languages like C and C++ due to their efficiency, low-level capabilities, and control over hardware. They are well-suited for developing firmware, device drivers, and real-time systems, where direct interaction with hardware components and peripherals is required.

C is a popular embedded systems programming language due to its speed, portability, and close-to-the-hardware nature. It allows developers to write code that directly manipulates memory addresses and hardware registers. C++ builds upon C by providing additional features like object-oriented programming, which allows for better code organization, reuse, and modularity.

Artificial Intelligence

The best programming languages for AI include Python, R, and Java. Python is the preferred language for developing AI applications because of its simplicity, extensive libraries for machine learning and deep learning, as well as accessibility.

R is often used for statistical analysis and data visualization in Artificial Intelligence research. As for Java, you can use it for building applications that require high performance, scalability, and integration with other enterprise systems.

Building a website from scratch

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Understanding Programming Paradigms

Let’s start with recapping the definition. A programming paradigm is a fundamental style or approach that defines the structure, design, and implementation of software systems. It outlines the rules, principles, and concepts that guide how code is written, organized, and executed in a programming language.

Several programming paradigms represent different philosophies and methodologies. We’ll dwell on some of them:

Procedural Programming

It focuses on breaking down a program into smaller, reusable procedures or functions that have a specific purpose or task. The code is organized and executed in a linear sequence of instructions, where the program’s control flow is determined by the order in which statements are written.

Languages that follow this paradigm include C, Pascal, and BASIC. They provide constructs for defining procedures, handling data, and controlling the flow of execution within the program.

While procedural programming is straightforward to understand, it can become complex and difficult to maintain as the program grows in size and scope. This paradigm lacks encapsulation and information-hiding features, which can lead to code duplication, decreased modularity, and spaghetti code in large projects.

Functional Programming

This one treats computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions and avoids changing state or mutable data. Functions are first-class citizens, meaning they can be passed around as arguments, returned as values, and stored in data structures. This paradigm is based on the principles of declarative programming, immutability, and higher-order functions.

Haskell, Scala, Clojure, and Erlang follow the functional programming paradigm. They provide features such as higher-order functions, immutable data structures, pattern matching, and type inference that support functional programming principles.

However, this paradigm may have a steeper learning curve for programmers transitioning from imperative or object-oriented paradigms.

Object-Oriented Programming

OOP organizes and models software systems as objects, which are instances of classes. It emphasizes the concept of “objects” rather than “actions” and data rather than logic, allowing developers to create reusable and modular code structures. In OOP, objects have attributes (properties) and behaviors (methods) that define their state and functionality.

Object-oriented programming is widely used in software development due to its ability to promote code reusability, modularity, and maintainability. It allows developers to create scalable and flexible software systems by organizing code into smaller, manageable units (objects) that interact with each other. 

Object-oriented programming languages such as Java, C++, C#, Python, and Ruby provide built-in support for implementing OOP concepts and creating robust and efficient applications.

Script-Based Programming

Also known as scripting, it is a type of paradigm that involves writing scripts or sequences of commands that are executed by a runtime environment or scripting engine. Scripting languages are often used for automating tasks, performing repetitive operations, and controlling software applications. Unlike traditional programming languages that are compiled into machine code, scripts are executed line by line by an interpreter.

Popular scripting languages include JavaScript, Python, Perl, Ruby, Bash, PowerShell, and PHP. Each language has its strengths and is commonly used in different domains such as web development, system administration, automation, data processing, and more.

Top programming languages

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Summing up the tier list

Now you know the top programming languages in 2024 for different spheres in the U.S. The options are diverse, and you can choose based on your specific needs and preferences.

The popularity varies depending on factors such as industry trends, job market demand, and project requirements. As technology advances and new languages emerge, you need to stay informed and adaptable to keep up with the ever-changing landscape.

Do you need a custom app development based on cutting-edge technologies? Reach out to us and we’ll build a functional product.

The article was originally published in October 2022 and was updated in April 2024 to make it more relevant and comprehensive.

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Written by Mary Moore

April 04, 2024

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